Question 37: What does it mean that He suffered?
Answer: That all the time He lived on earth, but especially at the end of His life, He bore, in body and soul, the wrath of God against the sin of the whole human race1; in order that by His passion, as the only atoning sacrifice2, He might redeem our body and soul from everlasting damnation3, and obtain for us the grace of God, righteousness and eternal life4.
1Isa. 53:4, Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
1Pet. 2:24; 3:18, Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed... For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
1Tim. 2:6, Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
2Isa. 53:10, Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
Eph. 5:2, And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.
1Cor. 5:7, Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:
1 John 2:2, And He is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.
Rom. 3:25, Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in His blood, to declare His righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God.
Heb. 9:28; 10:14, So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation... For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
3Gal. 3:13, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree:
Col. 1:13, Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated [us] into the kingdom of his dear Son:
Heb. 9:12, Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption [for us].
1Pet. 1:18,19, Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:
4Rom. 3:25, Whom God hath set forth [to be] a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
2Cor, 5:21, For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
John 3:16; 6:51, For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life... I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
Heb. 9:15; 10:19, And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance....Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus,
Question 38: Why did He suffer under Pontius Pilate, as judge?
Answer: That He, though innocent, might be condemned by a temporal judge1, and thereby free us from the severe judgment of God to which we were subject2.
1John 18:38, Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault [at all].
Matt. 27:24, When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but [that] rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed [his] hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye [to it].
Luke 23:14,Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined Him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse Him.
John 19:4, Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring Him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in Him.
2Psa. 69:4, They that hate Me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, being mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored that which I took not away.
Isa. 53:4, Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
2Cor. 5:21, For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Gal. 3:13-14, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: that the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
Question 39: Is there anything more in His having been crucified than if He had died some other death?
Answer: Yes, since thereby I am assured that He took on Himself the curse which lay upon me1; for the death of the cross was accursed of God2.
1Gal. 3:13, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree.
2Deut. 21:23, His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.
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