Question 40: Why was it necessary for Christ to humble Himself even unto death?
Answer: Because, by reason of the justice and truth of God1, satisfaction for our sins could be made no otherwise than by the death of the Son of God2.
1Gen.2:17, But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
2Rom. 8:3,4, For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Heb. 2:14,15, Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
Question 41: Why was He buried?
Answer: To prove thereby that He was really dead1.
1Acts 13:29, And when they had fulfilled all that was written of Him, they took Him down from the tree, and laid Him in a sepulchre.
Matt. 27:59,60, And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.
Luke 23:53, And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid.
John 19:38, And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave [him] leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.
Question 42: Since, then, Christ died for us, why must we also die?
Answer: Our death is not a satisfaction for our sins1, but only a dying to sins and entering into eternal life2.
1Mark 8:37, Or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?
Ps. 49:7, None [of them] can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him:
2Phil. 1:23, For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ, which is far better.
John 5:24, Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
Rom. 7:24, O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?
Question 43: What further benefit do we receive from the sacrifice and death of Christ on the cross?
Answer: That by His power our old man is crucified, slain and buried with Him1, that so the evil lusts of the flesh may no more reign in us2; but that we may offer ourselves unto Him a sacrifice of thanksgiving3.
1Rom. 6:6, , Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with Him, that the body of sin might be destroyed,
2Rom. 6:6,12 , Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with Him, that the body of sin might be destroyed,... Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.
3Rom. 12:1, I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.
Question 44: Why is there added, He descended into hell?
Answer: That in my greatest temptations I may be assured, and wholly comfort myself with this, that my Lord Jesus Christ, by His inexpressible anguish, pains, terrors, and hellish agony in which He was plunged during all His sufferings1, but especially on the cross, hath delivered me from the anguish and torment of hell2.
1Ps. 18:4,5, The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid. The sorrows of hell compassed me about: the snares of death prevented me.
Ps. 116:3, The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow.
Matt. 26:38; 27:46, Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me... And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
Heb. 5:7, Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;
2Isa. 53:5, But he [was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
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