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Lord's Day 30


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Question 80: What difference is there between the Lord's supper and the popish mass?

Answer: The Lord's supper testifies to us that we have a full pardon of all sin by the only sacrifice of Jesus Christ, which He Himself has once accomplished on the cross1; and that by the Holy Spirit we are ingrafted into Christ2, who according to His human nature is now not on earth but in heaven, at the right hand of God His Father3, and wills there to be worshipped by us4; but the mass teaches that the living and the dead have not the forgiveness of sins through the sufferings of Christ unless Christ is still daily offered for them by the priests; and that Christ is bodily present under the form of bread and wine and is therefore to be worshipped in them. And thus the mass, at bottom, is nothing else than a denial of the one sacrifice and passion of Jesus Christ, and an accursed idolatry5.

1Heb. 10:10,12, By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [for all]... But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God

Heb. 7:26,27, For such an high priest became us, [who is] holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.

Heb. 9:12,25, Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption [for us]... Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others;

John 19:31, The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be taken away.

Matt. 26:28, For this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

Luke 22:19, And He took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is My body wThis is My body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of Me.

21Cor. 10:16,17, The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? For we [being] many are one bread, [and] one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.

1Cor. 6:17, But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.

3John 20:17, Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [to] my God, and your God.

Col. 3:1, If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.

Heb. 1:3, Who being the brightness of His glory, and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.

Heb. 8:1, Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens.

4Matt. 6:20,21, But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal: For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.

John 4:21, Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe Me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.

Luke 24:52, And they worshipped Him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy:

Acts 7:55, But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God.

Col. 3:1, If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.

Phil. 3:20, For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ.

1Thes. 1:10, And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, [even] Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.

5Heb. 9:26, For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.

Heb. 10:12,14, But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;.. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

Question 81: For whom is the Lord's supper instituted?

Answer: For those who are truly displeased with themselves for their sins and yet trust that these are forgiven them for the sake of Christ, and that their remaining infirmity is covered by His passion and death; who also desire more and more to strengthen their faith and amend their life. But hypocrites and such as turn not to God with sincere hearts eat and drink judgment to themselves1.

11 Cor. 11:28, 29,But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

1 Cor. 10:19-22, What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing? But I [say], that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

Question 82: Are they also to be admitted to this supper who, by their confession and life, show themselves to be unbelieving and ungodly?

Answer: No; for in this way the covenant of God would be profaned and His wrath kindled against the whole congregation1; wherefore the Christian Church is in the duty bound, according to the ordinance of Christ and His apostles, to exclude such persons by the keys of the kingdom of heaven, until they show amendment of life.

11Cor. 11:20,34, When ye come together therefore into one place, [this] is not to eat the Lord's supper... And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.

Isa. 1:11, To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.

Isa. 66:3, He that killeth an ox [is as if] he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, [as if] he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, [as if he offered] swine's blood; he that burneth incense, [as if] he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.

Jer. 7:21, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Put your burnt offerings unto your sacrifices, and eat flesh.

Psa. 50:16, But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare My statutes, or that thou shouldest take My covenant in thy mouth?

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Last modified: April 26, 2010